Gacaca: A successful experiment in restorative justice?
....The twofold reparative function of restorative justice is, however, crucial and so the extent to which gacaca’s emphasis on ‘truth-telling’ realised its desired outcome is subject to debate. To draw on Johnstone’s conception of restorative justice once again, the fact that gacaca failed to offer something positive, in the form of compensation, to meet the needs of the victims meant part of its reparative function was undermined.
At last, truth and reconciliation for Maine's Indian Adoption Project legacies
from the article on ICTJ.org:
Friday, June 29, was both a "great day and a sad day" for the US state of Maine, in the words of its governor, Paul LePage.
It was a great day because Maine was taking an historic step to address the legacies of the 1950's and 60's Indian Adoption Project, a program which removed hundreds of Native American children from their families and tribes and placed them in the state-run foster care system.
Rwanda: Kagame commends Gacaca courts
The 1994 Genocide against the Tutsis and its aftermath, said president Kagame, presented us with challenges that tested us all to limit. Among these challenges was redress for victims, perpetrators' accountability for their crimes and restoring harmony among Rwandans.
While Rwanda could have chosen the path of vengeance, or of general amnesty, Kagame said the people had chosen the hard but best way of justice and reconciliation. That is a victory to celebrate, he said on Monday during the official closing of the participative justice of Gacaca courts which started in June 2002.
Why Iraq needs a court of truth and reconciliation now
from the article by Faris Harram in niqash:
Recently I read the arrest warrant that was issued against [Iraqi Vice President] Tariq al-Hashimi on Interpol’s website. It’s difficult to know whether the man is innocent or guilty and we will all have to wait until Iraqi courts issue a verdict. But reading the warrant made me think about the golden opportunity that Iraq after 2003, when the nation had the chance to really redress the cultural imbalances created during the rule of [former Iraqi leader] Saddam Hussein.
When Hussein was caught and arrested very few Iraqis spoke out to suggest a reconciliation process. Such a process would have opened the door for Iraq’s elite - intellectuals, academics, sociologists, psychologists, economists and even clerics - to initiate a unique debate.
I want justice for conflict victims in Kenya
My experiences with people who had suffered as a result of conflict motivated me to go for the TJRC job. The conditions they faced were so harsh that I suffered secondary trauma at some point because I internalised the pain and suffering of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees I interacted with.
Having trained in restorative justice in the US and through my experience at the community level, I realised that the line between the victim and perpetrator is so blurred that only restorative justice could work.
Treaty settlements process: Restorative justice in action
from the article on Te Puni Kokiri:
The Treaty of Waitangi settlements process is restorative justice in action says Māori Affairs Minister Pita Sharples.
Speaking at the launch of JustSpeak’s paper on Māori and the Criminal Justice System, he recalled the recent settlement of five Treaty of Waitangi claims.
Taylor war crimes verdict incomplete justice
The conviction of former Liberian President Charles Taylor amounts to only partial justice.
While many Sierra Leoneans are relieved to see Taylor finally convicted for his destructive role in their country's brutal civil war, his wanton destabilization elsewhere in West Africa hardly figured in the criminal proceedings against him.
New Nationalism and national healing: The case of South Sudan
So how do we begin to bring healing?
The constitutional review can be a healing process if done properly. That must include popular participation, dealing with issues which concern the people. National healing is already in the preamble of the Transitional Constitution:
May 01, 2012 National Reconciliation
The Jirga in modern day Afghanistan
from the article by Ali Gohar in OPen Democracy:
....The working principals of the Jirga are community based and fact finding; it acts like a modern jury system. The Jirga intervenes to halt violence, identify the issues in order to resolve them through mediation or arbitration, and work towards reconciliation and rehabilitation. The Jirga system could also be described in terms of the three aspects of peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peacebuilding, through the use of Tega (ceasefire), Nagha (ban on arms show), Community Policing (Arbakai) and volunteer force (Lakhkar).
Transitional justice law last resort for ending Yemen's conflict
Political parties and civil society organizations in Yemen are now engaging in heated debates on the draft Transitional Justice Law presented by the Ministry of Legal Affairs earlier this month.
....The main purpose of this law, according to Al-Mikhlafi, is to end conflict between Yemenis by compensating the victims of local crises from 1994 until 2012, while maintaining the immunity clause included in the Gulf Initiative signed by parties of the current government.