- Showing 4 posts filed under: Juvenile [–] published between Jan 01, 2010 and Jan 31, 2010 [Show all]
Youth Justice in Western Australia
The aim of this paper is to advance debate about the future of youth justice in Western Australia. The focus is on how we can improve outcomes for the small number of children who are coming into contact with the criminal justice system. It argues that youth justice practice has been allowed to drift over the past decade, principally because of lack of focus on the specific needs of young offenders due to the subordinate status of youth justice within what is essentially an adult focused correctional bureaucracy, and because of waning commitment to the principle of diversion on behalf of the police. These two phenomena are interconnected. Lack of clarity regarding the role of youth justice has led to a decline in the quality of support for children and families at risk, which has, in turn, undermined confidence within the police regarding the benefits of diversion from the system. Diversion is simply about choosing the least intrusive option when dealing with young offenders.
Violent juvenile offenders: Adult time for adult crime?
by Lisa Rea
The topic of what to do with juvenile offenders keeps coming up in the U.S., and elsewhere, in part because we have no consistent response to juvenile crime. The issue of juvenile crime is hot, too, because there are few answers. It is good to see that according to this CNN piece that in the U.S. states are apparently "rethinking adult time for adult crimes" committed by juvenile since sending juveniles to adult prisons just flat out doesn't work. Say what you want about crimes rates declining in some areas or in some states, there is limited evidence that the decline in juvenile crime is due to policies that put juveniles together with adult criminals, many of them hardened offenders.
Lima Declaration on Restorative Juvenile Justice
In November 2009, the First World Congress on Restorative Juvenile Justice (Congress) --organised by the Foundation Terre des Hommes, the Public Prosecutor of Peru, the Pontificia Universidad Católica of Perú and the Association Encuentros-Casa de la Juventud -- was held in Lima, Peru. The nearly 1000 conference participants represented 63 countries and various groups such as governments, the judiciary, non-governmental organisation, and professional groups working with children. Five Congress objectives guided the deliberations:
- to reflect upon the concept of restorative juvenile justice and to undertake a critical viability
- to examine the methodology and instruments of restorative juvenile justice;
- to evaluate the situation of the victim in restorative juvenile justice and the need for her/his protection and reparation of damages;
- to exchange experiences and lessons learned and good practices of restorative juvenile justice worldwide;
- to elaborate and present some recommendations for the development and implementation of restorative juvenile justice.
The Lima Declaration reflects the deliberations and proposes a series of recommendations for promoting, developing, and implementing restorative practices as an integral part of juvenile justice.
Restorative justice can alter behavior of perpetrators, teach empathy
....Q: What do you say to people who would challenge restorative justice as being soft on criminals?
It is just the opposite. It is not at all easy to sit in front of someone you have harmed and listen to how their lives have been affected by your actions; to hear your family say they don't understand why this happened and break down into tears; or to hear your teacher/coach/youth minister/best friend express their disappointment at your actions.
It becomes very hard to keep up a mask of indifference and solitude and pretend that other human beings are not affected by your behavior.
The bottom-line goal for restorative justice is stopping crime by holding offenders accountable in the future. All of this can take place within the current justice system. We don't have to start from scratch.