Amidst pronouncements that probation has failed and community justice contains the hope for community corrections, Shadd Maruna identifies significant issues concerning community justice, particularly with respect to moving from the ideal of theory to the reality of actual implementation. How are community justice ideas and principles put into practice? What are the outcomes of community justice initiatives over time? Furthermore, if community justice represents a paradigm shift, do questions of evaluation and 'What works?' need to be understood in new ways?