Aboriginals are overrepresented at every level of the Australian justice system. Compared to non-Aboriginals, they were more frequently convicted of person offenses and less frequently convicted of property offenses. Researchers and administrators have examined factors contributing to high Aboriginal incarceration rates. State and territorial Governments have been urged to address the situation by upgrading legal and rehabilitative services, examine areas in which justice may fail to be impartial, and develop community justice options such as dispute resolution and community service orders. In addition, efforts are needed to enhance the quality of Aboriginal life, re-empower Aboriginals, and aboriginalize criminal justice administrations.