choice of lens, then, affects what is in the picture. It also
determines the relationships and proportions of the elements
the lens we use to examine crime and justice affects what we
include as relevant variables, what we consider their relative
importance to be, and what we consider proper outcomes.
view crime through a retributive lens. The "criminal justice"
process which uses that lens fails to meet many of the needs
of either victim or offender. The process neglects victims while
failing to meet its expressed goals of holding offenders accountable
and deterring crime.