Lesson 5: Potentially Restorative Outcomes
Although reparative in nature, the following outcomes are not inherently restorative since they can be -- and have been -- used in ways that are more destructive or vindictive than reparative. However, when they are the outcome of a restorative process, they can provide important avenues for "making things right".
- restitution programmes require offenders to repay those who have been harmed by their offenses, generally through monetary payments but in some cases through in-kind services to the victims
- community service programmes require offenders to address the indirect harm to a community caused by crime by performing unpaid work that benefits the community
- victim compensation funds provide payment to victims by the government or another party unrelated to the offender, in an amount based on the nature and extent of the harm received