Provides a listing of articles on restorative justice developments in Peru. Articles appear in the order in which they were added to the site with the most recent appearing first.
- Justicia Juvenil Restaurativa in Peru
- This 14 minute video highlights the Justicia Juvenil Restaurativa project in Lima, Peru. The project started in 2005 as a partnership between the foundation Terre des Hommes and the Peruvian NGO, Asociación Encuentros Casa de la Juventud. In the video, ex-offenders, social workers, police officers, judges, and prosecutors explain the programme and the various services offered.
- Restorative practices in Latin America
- from part one of the two part article by Joshua Wachtel" Throughout Latin America, there are growing efforts to confront the social consequences of poverty and violence. Restorative practices provides an outlook that is appealing to many who are working to bring people together to resolve problems and transform the nature of society. Miguel Tello, originally from Mexico, now lives and works in San Jose, Costa Rica. Tello first got involved with the IIRP when he contacted IIRP founder Ted Wachtel for permission to translate Wachtel’s article “Restorative Justice in Everyday Life” into Spanish to use at a Prison Fellowship International conference. Tello then took IIRP trainings and became an IIRP trainer.
- More on Restorative Justice at the UN Crime Congress
- Day two at the 12th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice didn’t yield as many comments of restorative justice, but there were some interesting statements made especially by the delegates from South Africa and Peru. On 13 April, the Plenary continued its discussion on Children, Youth, and Crime with more member states as well as non-governmental organisations and independent experts.
- Developing Restorative Juvenile Justice in Peru
- In Peru, the majority of juvenile offenders are incarcerated, even in cases of petty crime, with close to 68% having sentences of three years or less. This is true despite the inclusion of alternative sentences such as community service and remission of the sentence in the penal code. To address this reality the Switzerland-based NGO Terre des Hommes designed and implemented a pilot project called Justicia Para Crecer to introduce concepts of restorative justice. Partners in this project include the Peruvian NGO Encuentros –Casa de la Juventud and different government entities in the areas of el Agostino and Chiclayo.
- Young, Paula. The Promise of Restorative Justice: Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission Issues its Final Report
- In the aftermath of a long war between the government and insurgent groups in the 1980s and into the 1990s, Peru established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to investigate the circumstances and effects of this brutal conflict. In this article, Paula Young outlines the findings of the Peruvian TRC’s final report, issued at the end of August 2003. She provides background to the Peruvian TRC’s approach and recommendations by discussing restorative justice principles and practices at the individual level and at the national level. Furthermore, Young compares the Peruvian TRC with the efforts of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
- Ormachea Choque, Iván. El Modelo Conciliatorio en el CPC Peruano: ¿Conciliación o Coerciliación?
- La Conciliación ha cobrado recientemente una importancia sin precedentes a raíz de la promulgación de la Ley de Conciliación Extrajudicial 26872 del 13 de noviembre de 1997. El presente artículo se centra en el análisis del Modelo Conciliatorio estructurado por el legislador en el Código Procesal Civil 1992 (artículos 323-329 y 468-472). El fin de este artículo es tratar de descubrir cuales eran los supuestos básicos que manejaron los legisladores al momento de diseñar la estructura del modelo conciliatorio en el nuevo CPC. Resumen por El Cento De Estudios de Justicia de las Americas, www.cejamericas.org.
- Mantilla Falcón, Julissa. The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Treatment of Sexual Violence Against Women
- SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN is an expression of genderbased violence that affects thousands of women around the world during times of armed conflict, as well as in times of peace. Impunity and silence typically surround these cases. Many times, victims do not discuss what happened to them because of feelings of shame and guilt. In most cases, government authorities and some sectors of civil society do not consider sexual violence to be a human rights violation. Fortunately, international human rights instruments and judicial decisions have begun to define sexual violence as a violation of human rights and, in some contexts, as a crime against humanity or a war crime. The work of the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (PTRC) made important inroads in identifying sexual violence as a human rights violation. In its Final Report, the PTRC analyzed the situation of Peruvian women subjected to sexual violence during the armed conflict and countered the idea that it was simply a collateral damage of war. Asserting that sexual violence is a human rights violation, the PTRC established a record of the sexual violence that occurred during Peru’s 20 year armed conflict and recommended that the State institute a system of reparations for the victims. The Final Report of the PTRC, released on August 28, 2003, includes a chapter on sexual violence against women. This article presents its main findings.
- Maisel, Margaret (Peggy). HAVE TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSIONS HELPED REMEDIATE HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AGAINST WOMEN? A FEMINIST ANALYSIS OF THE PAST AND FORMULA FOR THE FUTURE
- Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRCs) have investigated human rights violations and abuses in a wide range of countries and communities over the last thirty-five years.'Created by people who believe finding truth through an examination of the past is necessary to build social and political trust,2 the goal of these processes has been to make findings and recommendations in order to strengthen or aid the transition to democracy, reduce conflict and create a basis for long term reconciliation, facilitate some form of transitional or restorative justice, and begin the process of change needed to avoid similar human rights violations in the future.3 (Excerpt)
- Garcia-Godos, Jemima. Victim Reparations in the Peruvian Truth Commission and the Challenge of Historical Interpretation.
- The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación (CVR)) has been praised for challenging positivist approaches to truth by focusing on victims and narrative interpretation. In this article, I argue that such a focus is not as problem-free as widely assumed. In spite of its normative human rights base, the CVR underestimated the issue of historical and political recognition of particular actors during the Peruvian armed conflict – an issue that bears practical and tangible consequences for the actors involved. I use the case of peasant self-defense groups and their treatment regarding potential reparations benefits to explore the challenges involved in combining a human rights agenda with issues of historical interpretation. (author's abstract)
- Laplante, Lisa J.. The Peruvian Truth Commission's Historical Memory Project: Empowering Truth-Tellers to Confront Truth Deniers.
- This article examines the role memory recuperation projects play in responding to and preventing periods of state repression and abuse. In particular, the author discusses the case of the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that worked for two years to produce its 2003 Final Report. Investigating its internal armed conflict (1980-2000), the TRC sought to engage victims-survivors in testimony taking in order to write a new official version of the violence between the various parties to the conflict, including state armed forces, paramilitaries, insurgent groups, and local defense committees. The author proposes that it is not just the memory product that has potential for curative and preventive purposes but also the process of empowering the formerly silenced to become protagonists in a human rights movement that holds the government accountable. Moreover, by helping to break down entrenched habits of fear and distrust, and nurturing the democratic value of free expression, the Peruvian TRC encouraged victims-survivors to participate in new grassroots movements to pursue their justice claims. However, she argues that the TRC provided only the first step in Peru's effort to reveal the truth about its tragic past, and that victims-survivors are beginning to reject passive telling to third-party authors and instead are appropriating their own agency in disseminating memory. The article concludes with a discussion on how it is the change in personal and political status as truth-tellers, and not just the content of this truth, that makes memory projects important endeavors.(author's abstract)
- Guillerot, Julie and Paz y Paz Bailey, Claudia and Rubio-Marín, Ruth. Indigenous peoples and reparations claims: Tentative steps in Peru and Guatemala.
- In situations of large-scale violence and repression, reparations are best conceptualized as rights-based political projects aimed at giving victims due recognition and at enhancing civic trust both among citizens and between citizens and state institutions. This paper explores, in the light of two case studies, some of the goals, expectations and limitations of reparations as means of redressing identity-based injustice and setting the terms for a more just political order. What do reparations require when we are talking about people who, as is often the case with indigenous peoples, have traditionally been denied equal citizenship status, have experienced long-term, systematic marginalization and who may resist standard notions of citizenship? We argue that the process of creating as well as the content of reparations policies should, first, affirm the commonality of members of indigenous groups as citizens and holders of basic human rights. It should also affirm their condition as members of sub-state groups with distinct cultures and/or communal forms of life. While both Peru and Guatemala took steps to satisfy both of these criteria, the case studies show the limits of what even a well-crafted reparations program can do in terms of providing due redress to victims. They further illustrate that there are limitations to taking even modest steps toward transformation absent a serious commitment on the part of the state and ruling non-indigenous elites to the wider transformations that crafting a more inclusive political order would entail. (excerpt)