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Provides a listing of articles on restorative justice developments in Austria. Articles appear in the order in which they were added to the site with the most recent appearing first.

Editor. Balanced and Restorative Justice Policy and Practice in the United States
A growing number of states are incorporating a restorative philosophy into justice policy, legislation, and practice. A national assessment confirms that virtually every state is implementing some aspect of the restorative justice principles at various levels (e.g., state, regional, or local) and in its programs and policies. A majority of the states have crafted or revised their statutes and codes to reflect restorative justice principles and have encouraged the use of restorative justice practices in their juvenile justice systems. A significant finding of a national assessment on balanced and restorative justice (O’Brien 2000) was that the majority of states articulate restorative justice principles in one or more policy documents. This chart represents the latest summary of restorative justice policy and practices in the states. those not listed do not have either policy or practices. (excerpt)
Blackburn, Susan. Spotlight on Pennsylvania: Balanced and Restorative Justice implementation making significant progress
In 1995 the Pennsylvania state legislature passed Act 33. This Act amended the Juvenile Act to redefine the purpose of juvenile justice intervention in Pennsylvania in terms of balanced and restorative justice (BARJ) principles. Since then, two surveys have been conducted – one in 2000 and the other in 2002 – to identify relevant statewide and local planning and development efforts, and to measure outcomes of this BARJ initiative in Pennsylvania. This report presents findings from the second survey. It also includes comparative data from the first survey. Specifically, the article provides an overview of the 2002 survey design and data from the survey results.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Latest BARJ survey completed: Understanding Restorative Conferencing: A Case Study in Informal Decisionmaking in the Response to Youth Crime
The last issue of Kaleidoscope of Justice gave a preview of a new study by Mara Schiff, Associate Professor at Florida Atlantic University, and Gordon Bazemore, Project Director of BARJ. The survey is now complete and we offer a synopsis of the findings. Author's abstract.
Editor. Interchange: New York State trains State Police in restorative justice and places them in schools
This article surveys a program to train New York State Police in restorative justice ideas and practices. Thirty five State Police were being assigned as School Resource Officers (SROs) in 63 school districts across New York State as part of the Governor’s Safe Schools Initiative. In view of this, Janelle Cleary, Project Director for the New York State Community Justice Training Initiative of the New York State Council on Children and Families, helped to develop the training program and provide actual training. She describes difficulties in introducing restorative justice into New York State, yet she also notes the positive response to the training among police and school personnel. The article also contains an overview of the training program itself.
Editor. Spotlight on Pennsylvania: 8 years of restorative justice
A look at how Pennsylvania has moved its juvenile justice system toward restorative justice. Author's abstract.
Schiff, Mara F.. Balanced and Restorative Justice Project Update: National research on restorative conferencing for youth
As such, dialogue about program model types and the scope of restorative conferencing program models for youth has been limited. Over the past two years, Dr. Gordon Bazemore and I have been conducting research designed to determine the prevalence, scope and “restorativenessâ€? of conferencing programs for youth around the United States in order to better understand “what’s really going onâ€? with respect to restorative conferencing for youth. We use a broad definition of conferencing, which includes any face-to-face meeting in which those most affected by a specific crime come together in a direct dialogue to discuss how to repair the harm caused by an offense. Such a conference or dialogue typically follows an adjudication of guilt and/or an admission of responsibility by one or more offenders, and seeks a resolution that meets the mutual needs of victim, offender and community. The following article is intended to provide a sense of the scope of the research as well as present some preliminary findings. (excerpt)
Zarefoss, Amy D. On the ground in Pennsylvania: A restorative response to the crash of United Airlines Flight 93
On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to fly them as weapons against targets in the United States. Three planes hit the terrorists’ targets. One plane crashed in a field near Somerset, Pennsylvania, after a struggle between hijackers and travelers on the plane. The crash in the field diverted that plane from whatever target the hijackers intended to hit. Director of Somerset’s Communities That Care, Amy Zarefoss recounts how people provided support and care for the thousands of emergency workers, airline representatives, investigators, media personnel, and families of crash victims who came to the area of the crash site over the next days and weeks. As she puts it, local people practiced elements of a restorative response to trauma and crime without even knowing it.
Editor. Spotlight on Youth Restitution Program reaches milestone
A Madison, Wisconsin program provides restitution to crime victims, service to the community, and a chance to make good to its juvenile offenders. Author's abstract.
Karp, David R. Balanced and Restorative Justice Project Update: Restorative justice volunteers tell their story
On September 8-9, 2000, the BARJ Project invited volunteers from restorative justice programs around the country to gather in Burlington, Vermont for a workshop entitled: “Citizen Justice: A National Forum on Community Justice Volunteers in Restorative Responses To Crimeâ€?. Author's abstract.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Crime stats in for 1999: show continued decline in crime
As Evelyn Hanneman writes, studies have indicated that police statistics under-report a significant portion of criminal acts. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) – from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice – presents a more realistic picture of crime in the United States. Hanneman summarizes the findings of the 1999 survey, released in August 2000. This report shows every type of personal and property crime measured by the survey to continue to decline since 1993.
Editor. Interchange: How one volunteer has made a difference
Alice Lynch is executive director of a nonprofit in Minneapolis, Minnesota, that engages social issues affecting women and their families. She also participates in the Restorative Justice Advisory Council, a statewide advisory group to the Minnesota Department of Corrections. On these bases, she volunteered to bring restorative justice to her own neighborhoods in north Minneapolis. This article describes her work coordinating the other volunteers of the Northside Community Justice Committee as they employ the model of restorative circles in dealing with African-American juvenile offenders.
Riestenberg, Nancy. Restorative Schools in Minnesota
The use of restorative justice ideas and practices in school continues to grow. Applications can cover a range from responding to physical and emotional harm to discussion of children’s literature, writes Nancy Riestenberg, a Prevention Specialist with the Minnesota Department of Children, Families & Learning. With all of this in mind, she highlights four school districts in Minnesota that are demonstration sites for the use of restorative measures as an alternative to suspension and expulsion. Riestenberg looks at how the districts have adapted restorative processes such as sentencing circles and victim-offender dialogue to address a number of kinds of harm that may occur in school settings.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Interchange: Maine’s Chief Justice discusses the court’s movement toward restorative justice
With few judges and growing caseloads, Maine’s Chief Justice considers restorative programs that make a difference in young lives–and impress the court personnel. Author's abstract.
Claassen-Wilson, David. Spotlight on Restorative Discipline in School Communities
Can crime in schools be handled through the restorative justice paradigm? The Colorado School Mediation Project thinks so and is seeing positive results from "Restorative Discipline." Author's abstract.
Editor. Building Community
As described in this article, the juvenile justice system in Deschutes County, Oregon, is taking the term “building communityâ€? literally. Specifically, the Deschutes County Department of Community Justice has entered into a partnership with Habitat for Humanity and private sector donors. The partnership offers juvenile offenders the opportunity to construct Habitat for Humanity homes from the ground up. That is, young offenders are trained in basic carpentry skills, as well as given an education in the plight of America’s homeless. They then team up with community volunteers to build homes – all under the guidance of skilled supervisors who are Community Justice Officers. The article provides an overview of the program and its benefits to juvenile offenders and people in need of housing.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Let Us Seek Justice: A Reflection Following the Death of Amadou Diallo
On February 4, 1999, New York City police officers shot to death Amadou Diallo as he stood in the doorway of his Bronx apartment building. The police claimed they thought he had a gun. He was in fact pulling his wallet out of his pocket. At trial, the jury found the officers not guilty of any crime. Many in response thought justice was not done. But, Hanneman observes, the jury carefully deliberated and decided no law had been broken by the police officers. This is the issue, says Hanneman. In our current criminal justice system, the question of doing justice has to do with determining whether a law of the state has been broken, who has broken it, and what sanction should be imposed on the offender. Hanneman, in contrast, argues for her belief that justice can occur only when the focus changes from being centered on law-breaking to being centered on the harm done one person against another. This would involved the pursuit of genuine justice – restorative justice.
O'Brien, Sandra. National survey looks at states’ development and implementation of restorative justice policy--Part 3
According to Sandra O’Brien, several years after restorative justice first appeared in the United States, the staff at the Balanced and Restorative Justice Project (Florida Atlantic University) embarked on a study to assess if and how restorative justice principles are being developed and implemented in all fifty states. Conducted through interviews with an appropriate person in each state between January and March 1999, the BARJ staff surveyed five key questions or areas. Hence, the results of the study are organized into five sections. Here O’Brien summarizes the findings and analysis for Sections 4 and 5. Section 4 covers the question as to how restorative justice is put into operation in each state. Section 5 deals with the question of levels of funding and resources appropriated for restorative justice programs and practices.
Editor. Interchange: Ellen Halbert helps the Austin, TX D.A.’s office reach out to victims of crime
Too often the criminal justice system leaves the victim largely out of the criminal justice process. In contrast, restorative justice seeks to place the victim and the harm suffered at the center of the justice process. Ellen Halbert knows this all too well from personal experience. A victim of an extremely violent assault, she is intimately acquainted with what it means to be a victim of crime – to endure both the crime and the criminal justice system. She also knows all this from professional experience for, out of her experience, she became director of the Victim/Witness Division in the Travis County, Texas, district attorney’s office. In this personal and professional context, Halbert is convinced, as she explains in this article, that restorative justice is the right and best approach to dealing with offenders and victims.
Editor. Spotlight on Illinois counties move toward restorative justice
In the previous issue we looked at Illinois’ new Juvenile Justice Reform Provisions of 1998 and how this changed the juvenile code by including balanced and restorative justice. This article looks at some of the changes being made around the state that are restorative in nature. Author's abstract.
Hamilton, Robin. Project CRAFT: A National Model for Training Juvenile Offenders
Here Robin Hamilton writes about the Home Builders Institute’s Project CRAFT. The acronym “CRAFTâ€? stands for Community, Restitution, and Apprenticeship-Focused Training. Project CRAFT is a several month-long comprehensive, hands-on training program designed to give young people skills in the construction trades. It is recognized as a national model in training and placing high-risk youth in the building trades. Hamilton summarizes the history of the project, its key elements, and some of its successes.

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