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Provides a listing of articles on restorative justice developments in Austria. Articles appear in the order in which they were added to the site with the most recent appearing first.

Editor. Balanced and Restorative Justice Project Update: Focus on 1999-2000
As indicated in the title, this article consists of an update by the Balanced and Restorative Justice Project (BARJ) staff on the project’s progress in fulfilling its goals, with a focus on the 1999-2000 period. The primary target audience of the BARJ Project is the juvenile justice system. At the same time, the strategic aim is support of efforts to transform the role of victims, offenders, communities, and governments in the justice process and in meeting the needs of all four stakeholders. For 1999 to 2000, this article then surveys the project’s efforts in providing assessment, evaluation, and monitoring; education awareness and information sharing; training and workshops; implementation tool guides and policy publications; and strategic technical assistance.
O'Brien, Sandra. National survey looks at states’ development and implementation of restorative justice policy
Several years after restorative justice first appeared in the United States, the staff at the BARJ Project decided it was time to assess if and how restorative justice principles are being used in all fifty states. Conducted from January through March 1999, the National Restorative Juvenile Justice Policy Development and Implementation Assessment (forthcoming) inquired about the development and implementation of restorative justice policies and practices in the juvenile justice system. Previous less formal surveys indicated that approximately twenty-six states have implemented restorative justice at either the program, institutional, system, and/or state level (Freivalds, 1995; Klein, 1996). This survey represents the first national survey undertaken in the field of restorative justice relating to organizational reform and policy implementation at the state level. The following is a brief summary of the methodology and findings of the assessment. (extract)
Editor. Spotlight on Dakota County, Minnesota
Dakota County, Minnesota, is located south of Minneapolis. In 1989 Minnesota passed a Community Corrections Act whereby counties are responsible for juvenile institutions, adult alternatives to jail, and probation and parole for both juveniles and adults. The Dakota County Community Corrections Department (CCD) was selected as one of the three pilot test sites for the Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ) project in 1992. This article describes the CCD’s testing of BARJ, with technical assistance from the Balanced and Restorative Justice Project operated out of Florida Atlantic University. Dakota County sought to apply restorative justice as a new framework for understanding and responding to crime. This vision required a new mission for CCD. The process for developing this new mission and its implications for staff and programs is explored in the article.
Bureau of Justice Assistance. Summary of Workshops: The 1999 Bureau of Justice Assistance National Partnership Meeting
In 1999 the Bureau of Justice Assistance (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs) sponsored a significant conference or National Partnership Meeting entitled “Working Together for Peace and Justice in the 21st Century.â€? Held April 6 to 8 in Washington, D.C., the conference featured 200 speakers, 56 workshops and plenary sessions, and more than 1,100 participants from the United States, U.S. Territories, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Canada, and Australia. Participants celebrated accomplishments in crime control and crime prevention; and they shared information on a variety of criminal justice programs, innovations, issues, and trends. This document provides a summary of workshops from the conference, transcripts of keynote speakers, and contact information for conference presenters. The major topics under which workshops were organized are these: community partnerships for justice; creating system balance; and building a comprehensive justice system. Of particular note for those interested in restorative justice are many of the workshops under the topic of community partnerships for justice. The subjects of these workshops include, but are not limited to, the following: the nature of community justice; community ownership of crime problems and solutions; the role of youth in community justice; community policing; children of incarcerated parents; restorative justice from the victim’s perspective; strengthening and sustaining community partnerships; best practices in crime prevention; and tribal and non-tribal issues in law enforcement.
Monahan, Lynn Hunt and Niesyn, Patricia A and Gaboury, Mario T and Monahan, James J. Victims' Voices in the Correctional Setting: Cognitive Gains in an Offender Education Program
Restorative justice asserts that the offender has a responsibility to repair the harm done, to be accountable rather that just do time. The restorative justice philosophy can be found in a variety of settings, with one of the most recent settings incorporated into a range of sentencing and offender treatment approaches. A promising approach is the victim-awareness education program which allows inmates an opportunity to know about the scope of victimization, as well as develop insight into its aftereffects in the life of the victim. In 1997, the Connecticut Department of Correction initiated a 40-hour victim-awareness education program, VOICES, and classes began in 1998. This study analyzed data from the fall 1998 to December 2001 to assess the effectiveness of the program. A 50-item questionnaire was developed and administered to participants in the VOICES program before beginning the program and after its completion. The intent was to measure knowledge of and sensitivity of the impact of crime on victims. The results of the study provided significant support to the hypothesis that the VOICES program would produce increases in specific aspects of offender knowledge of and sensitivity to crime victims. Those offenders exposed to the program had a significant increase in knowledge of the facts of victimization and increased knowledge of victim rights. They were also more sensitive to the plight of victims. Abstract courtesy of National Criminal Justice Reference Service,
Furness, Amanda. Turning Toward Compassion: Restorative Justice works to develop youths' conscience
It isn't enough just to boss them around. Parents, teachers and court authorities have found this statement to be true in their dealings with many of today's youth - often losing their children to the system after forced discipline fails to work. A method recently introduced in New Orleans called the "restorative justice" movement is hoping to revolutionize the relationships between youth and their communities by exhibiting the most basic human emotion. Love. (extract)
Planning Committee for the Balanced and Restorative Justice Conference. Directory of Michigan Programs Incorporating Restorative Justice Principles
The Directory of Michigan Programs Incorporating Restorative Justice Principles is an initial attempt to catalogue Michigan juvenile programs that utilize one or more restorative justice principles. Restorative justice programs promote maximum participation of the victim, juvenile offender, and community in juvenile justice proceedings. Balanced attention is given to offender accountability, offender competency development, and community protection. The programs described in this directory utilize one or more of these principles: the programs are not based entirely on restorative justice principles. (excerpt)
Enns, Elaine. California Victim Offender Program Directory
A list of victim offender programs in California, with contact information and other identifying information such as: type of agency, types of referrals, referral point in the juvenile justice system, number of cases received/mediated in 2003, and other programs offered.
Schellenberg, Jill S. Public Opinion on Implementing Restorative Justice Principles in Fresno, California
The research in this project indicates where the public stands on how to meet the goals of a fair and just criminal justice system. People of different ethnic groups, ages, gender, and personal experience with crime in Fresno, California were polled to see how they felt about alternatives to the criminal justice system. Polling Hispanics and African-Americans was especially important because these groups are more often victims of crime than other ethnic groups in Fresno. The research showed that, when given the choice, people favored restorative methods of dealing with crime, rather than retributive methods. (excerpt)
Deschutes County Board of Supervisors. Community Justice Resolution: Resolution No. 96-122 (Deschutes County, Oregon)
Resolution of the Deschutes County Board of Commissioners adopting community justice as "the central mission and purpose of the county's community corrections efforts."
Deschutes County Juvenile Community Justice. Deschutes County Juvenile Community Justice Report: A Report Card to Our Stakeholders; 2002 Family Survey Results
This 2001 annual report card from Deschutes county, Oregon provides a brief overview of programmes and outcomes.
Deschutes County Juvenile Community Justice. 2003 Deschutes County Juvenile Community Justice Report Card
We are pleased to present this 2003 Juvenile Community Justice Report Card to our stakeholders, and hope that it leads to a better understanding of the issues facing the youth and families of our community. This publication is our third year of reporting to the community on a set of performance measures designed to inform citizens about our ability to restore justice for victims, build safer communities and hold youth accountable. (excerpt)
Umbreit, Jenni and Umbreit, Mark S and Greenwood, Jean and Fercello, Claudia. Directory of Victim Offender Mediation & Conferencing Programs in the United States
This directory lists victim offender mediation programs found throughout the United States. Programs are alphabetized first by the state, then the city, and finally by the program name. For those states which do not have a page listing, it means that we do not have any records of a victim offender mediation program in that state. It does not mean necessarrily that there are no programes in that state, only that we have no records of such a program. (excerpt).
Lightfoot, Elizabeth and Umbreit, Mark S. Analysis of State Statutory Provisions for Victim-Offender Mediation
Restorative justice practices are taking root around the country, however there is little empirical data related to restorative justice policies and programs. One such practice is VOM; the current article documents the existing statutory authority among States relating to the restorative justice practice of VOM in criminal cases. State code provisions are important for providing a framework for the implementation of VOM statewide. A LexisNexus search of all State codes using VOM language and types of activities produced 29 States that have VOM-related statutory authority. The comprehensiveness of the statutes ranged widely, with some including details related to training requirements, costs, evaluation, confidentiality, and liability, while others simply mentioned VOM as an alternative sentencing option. The specific provisions are discussed in turn. Statutory authority over VOM is important to establishing a standard through which practitioners can work; as the practice of VOM continues to grow, more States will begin to enact legislation governing its use as a criminal justice practice. Abstract courtesy of National Criminal Justice Reference Service,
Arizona State Legislature. Arizona Family Group Decision Making Legislation: Arizona Revised Statutes, A.R.S. 8-1001
This document provides a listing of program characteristics for the Arizona Family Group Decision making Program.
State of Arizona, Children, Youth and Families. Chapter 6, Section 2, i. Family Group Decision Making Program
Arizona law has established the family group decision making program (FGDM) to enable families to find solutions to problems that threaten their stability. More specifically, intended as a diversion from custody of children under Child Protective Services, the Arizona FGDM program seeks to facilitate a family’s development of safety and permanency plans for children who have been subjected to abuse or neglect. The program is modeled on Oregon’s Family Unity Model. This document provides a guide to the nature and operation of Arizona’s FGDM program. The guide assists program staff and others in determining whether a case is appropriate for the FGDM program, and in implementing the FGDM process. The document also includes a form for family group decision making referrals.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program Guidance Manual 2007.
This manual, designed as the primary reference for State and local program managers, provides guidance to assist States in applying for, receiving, obligating, and expending the Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) funds. This manual offers guidelines and reference for State and local program managers for applying for JABG funding and explains eligibility, State allocation of funds, distribution of funds, and waivers. Other detailed guidelines include: application process, requirements of State recipients and local subgrantees, definitions of terms, and other available resources. The JABG Program provides State and local governments with funds to develop programs which prevent and control delinquency while strengthening their juvenile justice systems. In implementing the program, OJJDP seeks to reduce juvenile offending through both offender-focused and system-focused activities that promote accountability. The premise of the program is that both the juvenile offender and the juvenile justice system be held accountable. For the juvenile offender, accountability means holding offenders responsible for their delinquent behavior through the imposition of sanctions or other individualized consequences, such as restitution, community service, or victim offender mediation. Juvenile accountability is best achieved through a system of graduated sanctions imposed according to the nature and severity of the offense, moving from limited interventions to more restrictive actions if the offender continues delinquent activities. For the juvenile justice system, strengthening the system requires an increased capacity to develop youth competence, to efficiently track juveniles through the system, and to provide enhanced options such as restitution, community service, victim-offender mediation, and other restorative justice sanctions that reinforce the mutual obligations of an accountability based juvenile justice system. Abstract courtesy of the National Criminal Justice Reference Service,
Baron, Linda. Fourteen Months in a FEMA Field Office: A Special Kind of Community Mediation.
Mediating in FEMA was nothing like the court, community, and agency-based programs that I was familiar with. There were no intake forms, no dedicated mediation rooms, no established protocols or procedures, and no one knew much about mediation and conflict resolution. In most mediation programs, mediation is an alternative to something – an alternative to litigation, prosecution, investigation, or some other kind of more formal process. In FEMA, when workplace disputes become intolerable, someone is usually “released” (i.e., sent home). That person may eventually be deployed to another disaster, and might even find himself working next to the same person he had a conflict with in the last disaster. One of our tasks, as in any workplace mediation program, was to facilitate more satisfactory resolution of conflicts both for the present situation, and for t he future. (excerpt)
Thom, George Lai and Sharpe, Susan. Making Sense of North American and South African Differences in the Practice of Restorative Justice.
These convictions are usually expressed independently, in response to different issues. It is easy to accept each on its own merits, seeing them as separate criteria to be met in separate ways. At least, it was easy for one of us (Susan) to do that—considering each of them a fundamental requirement of “best practice” without ever considering them both at once. That changed when the two of us began talking about victim-offender mediation (VOM) in cases of violent or otherwise traumatic crime. (Authors’ note: In this article, the terms VOM, mediator, and mediation refer exclusively to such serious cases.) (excerpt)
Nelson, Tanya. Meeting Offenders: How A Restorative Justice Program Changed A Robbery Victim’s Life.
On September 4, 1999, the way I view the world changed forever when I was robbed at gunpoint at an ATM. Here I am, almost seven years later a changed person, excited to talk about what Restorative Justice and Victim/ Offender Conferencing have done for me. To my own surprise, I have found Restorative Justice has the power to take away much of the anger I felt, empower me, and ultimately give me a sense of peace I never thought I'd have again.(excerpt)

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