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Provides a listing of articles on restorative justice developments in Austria. Articles appear in the order in which they were added to the site with the most recent appearing first.

Re-Entry Policy Council. Report of the Re-Entry Policy Council: Charting the Safe and Successful Return of Prisoners to the Community
In 2001 the Council of State Governments established the Re-Entry Policy Council (RPC). The RPC is a network of policymakers and practitioners from across the United States. The broad aim in creating the RPC was to assist state government officials in grappling with the increasing numbers of people leaving prisons and jails to return to the communities they had left upon their incarceration. More specifically, the RPC was to pursue two goals: (a) development of bipartisan principles and policies for officials and other policymakers in evaluating re-entry issues; and (b) facilitation of coordination and information-sharing among organizations engaged in re-entry initiatives, research, issues, and projects. This lengthy document consists of the RPC’s final report with hundreds of recommendations on adults re-entering society after prison or jail (or juveniles who were sentenced as adults). The recommendations pertain to policies, programs, and legislation having to do with transition of ex-offenders to society. The report is organized into three major sections or parts: Part I, planning a re-entry initiative; Part II, review of the re-entry process; and Part III, elements of effective social service systems. Within each part, the report provides policy statements which are consensus-based principles to ground re-entry initiatives. After each policy statement comes a description of the problem it addresses, and then recommendations for implementing the policy. Throughout the report, actual re-entry efforts in a variety of communities are cited to help make the policies and recommendations specific and concrete.
Walker, Lorenn. A Hawai'i Public Housing Community Implements Conferencing: A Restorative Approach to Conflict Resolution
Hawaii is a beautiful tropical place, observes Lorenn Walker, yet it is not paradise. Like all places, it has its share of problems and human conflicts. Residents of Kalihi Valley Homes, a public housing community in Hawaii, decided to put into practice a family group conferencing program to deal with conflicts between people in the community. This is structured along the lines of the Real Justice model of conferencing. With the Kalihi Valley Homes community as an example, Walker explains the restorative nature of conferencing, the conferencing process, and positive outcomes of conferencing.
Walker, Lorenn. Western Application of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Practices
Conferencing is a restorative justice process based mainly on the practices of the Maori people of New Zealand. Conferences are similar to many indigenous people’s practices including Africans, Hawaiians, and North American Indians. Conferencing is a group process for conflict resolution used when someone who has harmed others, admits wrongdoing. Western governments are using conferencing in criminal and child protective services cases. There are different conference models including family group conferencing, community conferencing, restorative conferencing, family group decision making, and Real Justice conferences. At conferences, offenders and those most hurt by specific incidents of wrongdoing gather in a circle to discuss how they have been affected by the event and collectively decide how to repair the harm and make things right. Conferences are based on the assumption that crime damages relationships between people. The goals of conferencing are to meet the needs of people hurt by crime by providing them with a process for expressing how they have been affected and how things can be made right. Unlike traditional autocratic and adversarial Western justice systems, conferencing uses consensus and cooperation for decision making. Conferencing can build community by bringing people together who have been harmed by repairing relationships and building new ones where none existed prior to the crime. Author's abstract.
Walker, Lorenn and Hayashi, Leslie. Pono Kaulike: A Pilot Restorative Justice Program
According to Lorenn Walker and Leslie Hayashi, the purpose of restorative justice is to address the needs of victims, offenders, and the community after wrongdoing has occurred. While the modern restorative justice movement has origins in the 1970s in Western societies, the concepts and practices of restorative justice are not new nor solely Western. Walker and Hayashi maintain that many indigenous cultures, including Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, have long practiced these ideas and values, and continue to do so. Against this background, the authors note the Hawaiian state judiciary’s commitment to operate in accord with restorative justice and the concept of pono kaulike (equal rights and justice for all). This commitment led in 2002 to the establishment of a pilot restorative justice program in the District Court of the First Circuit in Honolulu, described herein by Walker and Hayashi.
Oregon Legislative Assembly. Oregon Family Decision-Making Meeting Law (Oregon Revised Statutes, Chapter 417.365 to 417.375)
Oregon Revised Statutes law covering Family decision-making meetings, with the following sections: 417.365 “Family decision-making meeting" defined for ORS 417.365 to 417.375. 417.368 Consideration of meeting required for certain cases. 417.371 Notice to family members of meeting; definitions. 417.375 Development of family plan; contents.
Bazemore, Gordon and Nunemaker, Jason and Leip, Leslie. La participation des victimes dans le processus décisionnel de la justice des mineurs: Les résultats d'un sondage national auprès des juges aux États-Unis
Les tribunaux pour mineurs ont traditionnellement fonctionné comme des systèmes clos prioritairement centrés sur les besoins des jeunes délinquants et l'évaluation du danger qu'ils représentent. Bien que la législation sur les droits des victimes contraigne le personnel de la justice des mineurs à faire une place aux victimes d'actes criminels dans le processus de prise de décision, leur véritable participation n'est pas assurée pour autant. L'importance que le mouvement de justice réparatrice accorde, depuis ces derniers temps, à la réparation des torts subis par les individus et les collectivités a contribué à intégrer les besoins des victimes à une définition élargie du mandat des tribunaux pour mineurs et a encouragé la participation des victimes comme partenaires actifs du processus décisionnel. À partir des résultats d'un sondage national fait auprès des juges des tribunaux pour mineurs, aux États-Unis, cet article analyse les attitudes quant à la participation des victimes aux différentes étapes du processus décisionnel de la justice des mineurs. Les expériences individuelles, l'environnement organisationnel ainsi que les idéologies professionnelles sont considérés comme des variables indépendantes qui expliquent les différents degrés d'appui à la participation des victimes, en tant que composante d'une justice fondée sur l'idée de la réparation. Les auteurs examinent également les implications de la mise en oeuvre des réformes orientées dans cette direction et formulent des propositions de recherches subséquentes. Résumé de l'auteur. Author's abstract.
Anderson, Samantha and Karp, David R. Vermont’s Restorative Reentry Program: A Pilot in Burlington’s Old North End
The Vermont Department of Corrections (VDOC) has been one of the pioneers of restorative justice in the United States. VDOC continues this role with the application of restorative principles to their reentry program. A basic component of this effort is to modify Vermont’s reparative board model to organize community volunteers more effectively for participation in restorative justice panels. A restorative justice panel consists of community volunteers who meet with offenders reentering society. Community members provide advice and support for offenders on reentry. Samantha Anderson and David Karp review a pilot program for a restorative justice panel in the Old North End of Burlington, Vermont, a district with high crime rates and a significant number of released offenders.
Editor. Restorative Justice Center Opens in Maine
The opening of the Restorative Justice Center of Maine on September 13 2004, marked another milestone for the Maine Council of Churches’ (MCC) vision of making the practice of restorative justice a viable option in Maine. The Council’s involvement in criminal and juvenile justice issues spans twenty years during which its search for alternative and effective policies brought about an exploration of restorative justice and an ever stronger advocacy for restorative justice principles. Author's abstract.
Ashley, Jessica and Gray, Donyelle L and Covey, Sharon and Newman, Peter. Spotlight on The Future of BARJ Reform for Illinois: A Vision for the Future
abstract pendingThis article summarizes a longer piece – “Implementing Balanced and Restorative Justice: The Illinois Experience‿ - written by the authors listed above for the Loyola Law Journal. In 1889 Illinois established the first juvenile court. One hundred years later, Illinois adopted the balanced and restorative justice approach in its Juvenile Court Act and initiated a new reform of its juvenile justice system. The authors provide background to the adoption of this approach in Illinois, explain key aspects of BARJ, and identify important questions that must be addressed for the long-term success of the Illinois BARJ initiative.
Hines, David. Conferencing and Law Enforcement: Woodbury Community Justice Program
A suburb of Saint Paul, Minnesota, Woodbury is a rapidly growing city of 50,000 people. In recent years it has experienced a significant increase in juvenile offending. The Woodbury Police Department decided it was necessary to try a new approach to the problem of juvenile crime. Thus was born the Woodbury Community Justice Program. It is a police-based program which employs restorative practices to deal primarily with juvenile crime and delinquency. David Hines, a police officer with the Woodbury Public Safety Department, describes this community restorative justice program, including providing statistics on violations dealt with over nearly eight years, as well as guidelines for officer training.
Editor. Balanced and Restorative Justice Policy and Practice in the United States
A growing number of states are incorporating a restorative philosophy into justice policy, legislation, and practice. A national assessment confirms that virtually every state is implementing some aspect of the restorative justice principles at various levels (e.g., state, regional, or local) and in its programs and policies. A majority of the states have crafted or revised their statutes and codes to reflect restorative justice principles and have encouraged the use of restorative justice practices in their juvenile justice systems. A significant finding of a national assessment on balanced and restorative justice (O’Brien 2000) was that the majority of states articulate restorative justice principles in one or more policy documents. This chart represents the latest summary of restorative justice policy and practices in the states. those not listed do not have either policy or practices. (excerpt)
Blackburn, Susan. Spotlight on Pennsylvania: Balanced and Restorative Justice implementation making significant progress
In 1995 the Pennsylvania state legislature passed Act 33. This Act amended the Juvenile Act to redefine the purpose of juvenile justice intervention in Pennsylvania in terms of balanced and restorative justice (BARJ) principles. Since then, two surveys have been conducted – one in 2000 and the other in 2002 – to identify relevant statewide and local planning and development efforts, and to measure outcomes of this BARJ initiative in Pennsylvania. This report presents findings from the second survey. It also includes comparative data from the first survey. Specifically, the article provides an overview of the 2002 survey design and data from the survey results.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Latest BARJ survey completed: Understanding Restorative Conferencing: A Case Study in Informal Decisionmaking in the Response to Youth Crime
The last issue of Kaleidoscope of Justice gave a preview of a new study by Mara Schiff, Associate Professor at Florida Atlantic University, and Gordon Bazemore, Project Director of BARJ. The survey is now complete and we offer a synopsis of the findings. Author's abstract.
Editor. Interchange: New York State trains State Police in restorative justice and places them in schools
This article surveys a program to train New York State Police in restorative justice ideas and practices. Thirty five State Police were being assigned as School Resource Officers (SROs) in 63 school districts across New York State as part of the Governor’s Safe Schools Initiative. In view of this, Janelle Cleary, Project Director for the New York State Community Justice Training Initiative of the New York State Council on Children and Families, helped to develop the training program and provide actual training. She describes difficulties in introducing restorative justice into New York State, yet she also notes the positive response to the training among police and school personnel. The article also contains an overview of the training program itself.
Editor. Spotlight on Pennsylvania: 8 years of restorative justice
A look at how Pennsylvania has moved its juvenile justice system toward restorative justice. Author's abstract.
Schiff, Mara F.. Balanced and Restorative Justice Project Update: National research on restorative conferencing for youth
As such, dialogue about program model types and the scope of restorative conferencing program models for youth has been limited. Over the past two years, Dr. Gordon Bazemore and I have been conducting research designed to determine the prevalence, scope and “restorativenessâ€? of conferencing programs for youth around the United States in order to better understand “what’s really going onâ€? with respect to restorative conferencing for youth. We use a broad definition of conferencing, which includes any face-to-face meeting in which those most affected by a specific crime come together in a direct dialogue to discuss how to repair the harm caused by an offense. Such a conference or dialogue typically follows an adjudication of guilt and/or an admission of responsibility by one or more offenders, and seeks a resolution that meets the mutual needs of victim, offender and community. The following article is intended to provide a sense of the scope of the research as well as present some preliminary findings. (excerpt)
Zarefoss, Amy D. On the ground in Pennsylvania: A restorative response to the crash of United Airlines Flight 93
On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to fly them as weapons against targets in the United States. Three planes hit the terrorists’ targets. One plane crashed in a field near Somerset, Pennsylvania, after a struggle between hijackers and travelers on the plane. The crash in the field diverted that plane from whatever target the hijackers intended to hit. Director of Somerset’s Communities That Care, Amy Zarefoss recounts how people provided support and care for the thousands of emergency workers, airline representatives, investigators, media personnel, and families of crash victims who came to the area of the crash site over the next days and weeks. As she puts it, local people practiced elements of a restorative response to trauma and crime without even knowing it.
Editor. Spotlight on Youth Restitution Program reaches milestone
A Madison, Wisconsin program provides restitution to crime victims, service to the community, and a chance to make good to its juvenile offenders. Author's abstract.
Karp, David R. Balanced and Restorative Justice Project Update: Restorative justice volunteers tell their story
On September 8-9, 2000, the BARJ Project invited volunteers from restorative justice programs around the country to gather in Burlington, Vermont for a workshop entitled: “Citizen Justice: A National Forum on Community Justice Volunteers in Restorative Responses To Crimeâ€?. Author's abstract.
Hanneman, Evelyn U. Crime stats in for 1999: show continued decline in crime
As Evelyn Hanneman writes, studies have indicated that police statistics under-report a significant portion of criminal acts. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) – from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice – presents a more realistic picture of crime in the United States. Hanneman summarizes the findings of the 1999 survey, released in August 2000. This report shows every type of personal and property crime measured by the survey to continue to decline since 1993.

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